I've covered most of the interesting bridges built for London’s 2012 Olympics on previous occasions, but there are two structures that I’ve been waiting for a chance to visit for some time. Now, that chance has come, and the first of the pair is the excitingly named "Footbridge L01", designed by Atkins and Allies and Morrison.
I don't know how well the path was used during the Olympics, but it was not a popular route when I visited, mid-morning on a sunny weekday. For a while, I wondered if I would be the only person to cross it!
When I go to visit bridges, I often have a number of questions in mind. These are sometimes the 5 Ws of basic journalism: Who? Where? When? What? Why? When applying these to bridges they can be informative e.g. What is it actually for? The additional sixth question of "“How?" is often more useful when considering engineering and design: How does it address its purpose? How does it stand up? How does it articulate?
Transparency on this bridge is only ever relative. Seen from the highway below, the hanger arrangement is reasonably transparent, with only the horizontal bar of a handrail indicating that this is as much a balustrade as a structure or a screen. While crossing the span, the bridge user exists within a local "bubble" of transparency, able to see clearly to left and right, but with their view obscured when looking at an angle. This "bubble" stays with the observer as they pass across the bridge. This louvre effect is something that can be exploited usefully where there is a need to balance issues of privacy screening and transparency, neither of which apply on Footbridge L01.
Setting aside the overall structural form for a moment, the bridge is well detailed. In particular, the approach parapets use the same slat type and spacing, albeit painted in black rather than in blazing orange. This is highly effective, and the simple continuity of the handrail element plays a positive role as well.
I've left the most significant "Why?" for last, which is to ask: Why this, rather than something else?
Here I find it harder to quell a persistent nagging feeling that there was simply no especially good reason to adopt this peculiar hybrid of tied-arch and Vierendeel slats. An arch bridge is certainly an appropriate solution for the span, where a gateway structure will initially have acted as an entrance signpost to the wider Olympic site. A slender arch rib is an admirable aim, but could as readily have been achieved with, for example, a network arch design.
Nonetheless, I enjoyed visiting Footbridge L01. In particular, the bold juxtaposition of orange and black seems quite apposite for what will for most tastes be a marmalade and marmite experience. I like the use of colour, I like the bridge detailing and I admire the willingness to depart from what might otherwise have been quite a humdrum, conventional solution.
- Google maps
- Structural Awards shortlist
- Design of the London 2012 Olympic Park Bridges H01 and L01, UK (Baird, Hendy, Wong, Jones, Sollis, and Nuttall, Structural Engineering International, February 2011)
- Delivering London 2012: structures, bridges and highways (Baird, Thurston, Triggs, Corrigan and Samaras, Proceedings of the ICE Civil Engineering, 2011)
- Design of the Olympic Park Bridge L01 (Baird, Hendy, Jones, Wong and Smith, Footbridge 2011)
- Design of the London 2012 Olympic Park Bridges H01 and L01 (Baird, Hendy, Nuttall, Jones, Sollis and Wong, IABSE Symposium, London 2011)