The first of a trio of bridges all within spitting distance of each other is the Grosvenor Bridge, which carries the railway lines out of Victoria station across the River Thames in London.
A bridge was first built here in 1860 as part of the Victoria Station & Pimlico Railway. Designed by John Fowler, the bridge cost £84,000 and carried two railway tracks over four 53.3m river spans (plus a number of approach spans). Masonry-faced brick piers carried segmental wrought iron arches, with six arched ribs in each span.
The spandrel columns are remarkably slender, but the transparent effect you would see on a simple elevation of the bridge is nowhere apparent, due to the sheer number of columns and the shading effect from the deck.
- Google maps / Bing maps
- Structurae (not all details given are correct)
- Wikipedia (similarly, much of the article is incorrect)
- Engineering Timelines
- Where Thames Smooth Waters Glide (includes archive photos and drawing)
- Railway Bridge Construction (Mann, 1972)
- British Railway Bridges and Viaducts (Martin Smith, 1994)
- Civil Engineering Heritage: London (Denis Smith, 2001)
- An Encyclopaedia of Britain's Bridges (McFetrich, 2010)